Contrary to popular belief, Easter does not represent the "historical" crucifixion and
resurrection of Jesus Christ. In reality, the gospel tale reflects the annual "crossification" of the sun through
the vernal equinox (Spring), at which time the sun is "resurrected," as the day begins to become longer than the
Rather than being a "Christian" holiday, Easter celebrations date back into remotest antiquity
and are found around the world, as the blossoming of spring did not escape the notice of the ancients, who revered
this life-renewing time of the year, when winter had passed and the sun was "born again." The "Pagan" Easter is
also the Passover, and Jesus Christ represents not only the sun but also the Passover Lamb ritually sacrificed
every year by a number of cultures, including the Egyptians, possibly as early as 4,000 years ago and continuing to
this day in some places.
Easter Around the World
Easter is "Pessach" in Hebrew, "Pascha" in Greek, "Pachons" in Latin and "Pa-Khonsu" in Egyptian,
"Khonsu" being an epithet for the sun god Horus. In Anglo-Saxon, Easter or Eostre is goddess of the dawn,
corresponding to Ishtar, Astarte, Astoreth and Isis. The word "Easter" shares the same root with "east" and
"eastern," the direction of the rising sun.
"The Phrygian sun and fertility god Attis was annually
hung on a tree, dying and rising on March 24th and 25th, an 'Easter celebration' that occurred at Rome as
The principal Mexican solar festival was held at the vernal equinox, i.e., Easter, when
sacrifices were made to sustain the sun. In India, the vernal equinox festival is called "Holi" and is especially
sacred to the god Krishna. The Phrygian sun and fertility god Attis was annually
hung on a tree, dying and rising on March 24th and 25th, an "Easter celebration" that occurred at Rome as well. The
March dates were later applied to the Passion and Resurrection of Christ: "Thus," says Sir Frazer, "the tradition
which placed the death of Christ on the twenty-fifth of March was ancient and deeply rooted. It is all the more
remarkable because astronomical considerations prove that it can have had no historical foundation…." This
"coincidence" between the deaths and resurrections of Christ and the older Attis was not lost on early Christians,
whom it distressed and caused to use the "devil got there first" excuse for the motif's presence in pre-Christian
The rites of the "crucified Adonis," another dying and rising savior god, were also celebrated
in Syria at Easter time. As Frazer states:
"When we reflect how often the Church has skillfully contrived to plant the seeds of the new
faith on the old stock of paganism, we may surmise that the Easter celebration of the dead and risen Christ was
grafted upon a similar celebration of the dead and risen Adonis, which, as we have seen reason to believe, was
celebrated in Syria at the same season."
The salvific death and resurrection at Easter of the god, the initiation as remover of sin, and
the notion of becoming "born again," are all ages-old Pagan motifs or mysteries rehashed in the later Christianity.
The all-important death-and-resurrection motif is exemplified in the "Parisian magical papyrus," a
Pagan text ostensibly unaffected by Christianity:
"Lord, being born again I perish in that I am being exalted, and having been exalted I die;
from a life-giving birth being born into death I was thus freed and go the way which Thou has founded, as Thou
hast ordained and hast made the mystery."
Easter's Roving Date is Astrotheological
In the gospel tale, there are two dates for the crucifixion: the 14th and the
15th of the month of Nisan, and within Christianity the date for Easter was debated for centuries. There
continue to be two dates for Easter: the Western Catholic and Eastern Orthodox, thus demonstrating that this
holiday is not the historical date of the actual crucifixion of a particular man. The dates are, in fact,
astronomical, astrological and astrotheological.
In explaining this roving date, one "distinguished churchman," as Catholic Church historian
Eusebius called him, Anatolius, revealed the meaning of Easter and of Christ, as well as the fact that astrology
was a known and respected science used in Christianity. Said Anatolius:
"On this day [March 22] the sun is found not only to have reached the first sign of the
Zodiac, but to be already passing through the fourth day within it. This sign is generally known as the first
of the twelve, the equinoctial sign, the beginning of months, head of the cycle, and start of the planetary
course.... Aristobolus adds that it is necessary at the Passover Festival that not only the sun but the moon as
well should be passing through an equinoctial sign. There are two of these signs, one in spring, one in autumn,
diametrically opposed to each other...."
In establishing the "Paschal festival," Church father Anatolius thus based his calculations on
the positions of the sun and moon during the vernal equinox.
Christ as the Solar Hero
The need to time the Easter celebration - or resurrection - to
coincide with the vernal equinox demonstrates that "Christ" is not an historical personage but the sun. This fact of Easter being the
resurrection of the Sun has been well known for centuries, just as "the Savior's" birth at the winter solstice
has been recognized as another solar motif. Another obvious clue as to Christ's nature is the fact that the
"Lord's Day" is Sunday.
"Christ is the
Sun of Righteousness, with 'divine beams.'"
Concerning Easter, in his "Letter I. for 329" Bishop of Alexandria Athanasius (c. 293-373)
remarks, "Again, 'the Sun of Righteousness,' causing His divine beams to rise upon us, proclaims beforehand the
time of the feast, in which, obeying Him, we ought to celebrate it…" Christ is thus the Sun of Righteousness, with
The Paschal Chronicle
The Easter calculations were recomputed in the seventh century by the Christian author(s) of the
Paschal Chronicle or Alexandria Chronicle, which seeks to establish a Christian chronology from "creation" to the
year 628. The Paschal Chronicle determines the proper date for Easter as March 21st and the date of Christ's
resurrection as March 25th (or, midnight, March 24, three days after the beginning of the equinox). In his various
calculations, the Chronicle author discusses solar and lunar cycles, including the 19-year lunar cycle, by which he
reckons the crucifixion and resurrection, concluding: "This is consistent with the prior determinations of
reputable men in the calculation of the heavenly bodies." To wit, Christ's death and resurrection are based on
The Chronicle author further confirms that Christianity is a continuation of the ancient "Pagan"
astrotheological religion when he states that the "Annunciation of our Lady," i.e., the conception of Christ by the
Virgin Mary, likewise occurred on March 25th, the vernal equinox, exactly nine months prior to the
December 25th birthdate, the annual rebirth of the sun.
"Murdock's scholarship is relentless! ...the research conducted by
D.M. Murdock concerning the myth of Jesus Christ is certainly both valuable and worthy of
consideration." —Dr. Kenneth L. Feder, Professor of Archaeology, Central Connecticut
State University, Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience In
"I find myself in full agreement with Acharya S/D.M. Murdock... I
find it undeniable that...many, many of the epic heroes and ancient patriarchs and
matriarchs of the Old Testament were personified stars, planets and constellations..."
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"I can recommend your work whole-heartedly!" —Dr. Robert Eisenman,
James the Brother of Jesus and The New Testament Code,
"Acharya S deserves to be recognized as a leading researcher and an
expert in the field of comparative mythology, on a par with James Frazer or Robert
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Secrets and Man Made God
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