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The Origins of Christianity and
the Quest for the Historical Jesus Christ

Part 4 

by Acharya S

Jesus Christ Sun King image

Page 4 of 6    <<Previous |  1 | 2 | 3 | 4| 5 | 6 | Next: The Creation of a Myth >>

The Major Players

Buddha

Although most people think of Buddha as being one person who lived around 500 B.C.E., like Jesus the character commonly portrayed as Buddha can also be demonstrated to be a compilation of godmen, legends and sayings of various holy men both preceding and succeeding the period attributed to the Buddha.37

  • The Buddha character has the following in common with the Christ figure:38
  • Buddha was born of the virgin Maya, who was considered the "Queen of Heaven."38a
  • He was of royal descent.
  • He crushed a serpent's head.
  • Sakyamuni Buddha had 12 disciples.38b
  • He performed miracles and wonders, healed the sick, fed 500 men from a "small basket of cakes," and walked on water.38c
  • He abolished idolatry, was a "sower of the word," and preached "the establishment of a kingdom of righteousness."38d
  • He taught chastity, temperance, tolerance, compassion, love, and the equality of all.
  • He was transfigured on a mount.
  • Sakya Buddha was crucified in a sin-atonement, suffered for three days in hell, and was resurrected.38e
  • He ascended to Nirvana or "heaven."
  • Buddha was considered the "Good Shepherd"39, the "Carpenter"40, the "Infinite and Everlasting."40a
  • He was called the "Savior of the World" and the "Light of the World."

Regarding the Buddhist influence on the gospel story, in 2003 Buddhist and Sanskrit scholar Dr. Christian Lindtner wrote the following:

"The Sanskrit manuscripts prove without a shadow of doubt:

"Everything that Jesus says or does was already said or done by the Buddha.

"Jesus, therefore, is a mere literary fiction.

  • "The Last Supper was the Last Supper of the Buddha.
  • "Baptism in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit was baptism in the name of the Buddha,  the Dharma and the Samgha.
  • "All the miracles performed by Jesus had already been performed by the Buddha.
  • "The twelve disciples of Jesus were, in fact, the twelve disciples of the Buddha.
  • "It was king Gautama--not Jesus--who was crucified.
  • "It was Tathâgata--not Jesus--who was resurrected....
  • "There is nothing in the Gospels, no person, no event, that cannot be traced back to cognate persons, events or circumstances in the Buddhist gospels.
  • "...Jesus is a Buddha disguised as a new Jewish legislator, teacher, Messiah and king of Israel.

"The Gospels, forming the foundation of Christianity, are, therefore, typical Buddhist literature, fiction, designed for missionaries whose language was Greek.40b"

Concerning the "crucifixion" of Buddha, as related in a Buddhist text dating to the first century BCE (Samghabhedavastu/ Mahâparinirvâna sûtra), Ken Humphreys states:

"In this story of 'Gautama, a holy man' our hero is wrongfully condemned to die on the cross for murdering the courtesan Bhadra. Gautama is impaled on a cross, and his mentor Krishna Dvapayana visits him and enters into a long dialogue, at the end of which Gautama dies at the place of skulls after engendering two offspring - the progenitors of the Ikshavaku Dynasty."

Humphreys further relates that "the dead Buddha is burned and it is the smoke of his corpse which rises - the true 'resurrection.'"

According to Dr. Burkhard Scherer, a "classical Philologist, Indologist and Lecturer in Religious Studies (Buddhist and Hindu Studies)" at Canterbury Christ Church University, the fact that there is "massive" Buddhist influence in the gospels has long been well known among the elite scholars. Says Dr. Scherer:

"...it is very important to draw attention on the fact that there is (massive) Buddhist influence in the Gospels....

"Since more than hundred years Buddhist influence in the Gospels has been known and acknowledged by scholars from both sides. Just recently, Duncan McDerret published his excellent The Bible and the Buddhist (Sardini, Bornato [Italy] 2001). With McDerret, I am convinced that there are many Buddhist narratives in the Gospels.40c"

Horus of Egypt

The stories of Jesus and Horus are very similar, with Horus even contributing the name of Jesus Christ. Horus and his once-and-future Father, Osiris, are frequently interchangeable in the mythos ("I and my Father are one").41 The legends of Horus go back thousands of years, and he shares the following in common with Jesus:

  • Horus was born of the virgin Isis-Meri on December 25th in a cave/manger42, with his birth being announced by a star in the East and attended by three wise men.43
  • He was a child teacher in the Temple and was baptized when he was 30 years old.44
  • Horus was also baptized by "Anup the Baptizer," who becomes "John the Baptist."
  • He had 12 disciples.
  • He performed miracles and raised one man, El-Azar-us, from the dead.
  • He walked on water.
  • Horus was transfigured on the Mount.
  • He was killed, buried in a tomb and resurrected.
  • He was also the "Way, the Truth, the Light, the Messiah, God's Anointed Son, the Son of Man, the Good Shepherd, the Lamb of God, the Word" etc.
  • He was "the Fisher," and was associated with the Lamb, Lion and Fish ("Ichthys").45
  • Horus's personal epithet was "Iusa," the "ever-becoming son" of "Ptah," the "Father."46
  • Horus (or Osiris) was called "the KRST," long before the Christians duplicated the story.47

In fact, in the catacombs at Rome are pictures of the baby Horus being held by the virgin mother Isis--the original "Madonna and Child"48--and the Vatican itself is built upon the papacy of Mithra49, who shares many qualities with Jesus and who existed as a deity long before the Jesus character was formalized. The Christian hierarchy is nearly identical to the Mithraic version it replaced50. Virtually all of the elements of the Catholic ritual, from miter to wafer to water to altar to doxology, are directly taken from earlier pagan mystery religions.51

Mithra, Sungod of Persia

The story of Mithra precedes the Christian fable by at least 600 years. According to Wheless, the cult of Mithra was, shortly before the Christian era, "the most popular and widely spread 'Pagan' religion of the times." Mithra has the following in common with the Christ character:

  • Mithra was born on December 25th.
  • He was considered a great traveling teacher and master.
  • He had 12 companions or disciples.
  • He performed miracles.
  • He was buried in a tomb.
  • After three days he rose again.
  • His resurrection was celebrated every year.
  • Mithra was called "the Good Shepherd."
  • He was considered "the Way, the Truth and the Light, the Redeemer, the Savior, the Messiah."
  • He was identified with both the Lion and the Lamb.
  • His sacred day was Sunday, "the Lord's Day," hundreds of years before the appearance of Christ.
  • Mithra had his principal festival on what was later to become Easter, at which time he was resurrected.
  • His religion had a Eucharist or "Lord's Supper."52
Krishna of India

The similarities between the Christian character and the Indian messiah are many. Indeed, Massey finds over 100 similarities between the Hindu and Christian saviors, and Graves, who includes the various noncanonical gospels in his analysis, lists over 300 likenesses. It should be noted that a common earlier English spelling of Krishna was "Christna," which reveals its relation to '"Christ." It should also be noted that, like the Jewish godman, many people have believed in a historical, carnalized Krishna.53

  • Krishna was born of the Virgin Devaki ("Divine One") 53a
  • His father was a carpenter.54
  • His birth was attended by angels, wise men and shepherds, and he was presented with gold, frankincense and myrrh.54a
  • He was persecuted by a tyrant who ordered the slaughter of thousands of infants.55
  • He was of royal descent.
  • He was baptized in the River Ganges.55a
  • He worked miracles and wonders.
  • He raised the dead and healed lepers, the deaf and the blind.
  • Krishna used parables to teach the people about charity and love.
  • "He lived poor and he loved the poor."56
  • He was transfigured in front of his disciples.57
  • In some traditions he died on a tree or was crucified between two thieves.58
  • He rose from the dead and ascended to heaven.
  • Krishna is called the "Shepherd God" and "Lord of lords," and was considered "the Redeemer, Firstborn, Sin Bearer, Liberator, Universal Word."59
  • He is the second person of the Trinity,60 and proclaimed himself the "Resurrection" and the "way to the Father."60a
  • He was considered the "Beginning, the Middle and the End," ("Alpha and Omega"), as well as being omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent.
  • His disciples bestowed upon him the title "Jezeus," meaning "pure essence."61
  • Krishna is to return to do battle with the "Prince of Evil," who will desolate the earth.62
Prometheus of Greece

The Greek god Prometheus has been claimed to have come from Egypt, but his drama took place in the Caucasus mountains. Prometheus shares a number of striking similarities with the Christ character.

  • Prometheus descended from heaven as God incarnate as man, to save mankind.
  • He was crucified, suffered and rose from the dead.
  • He was called the Logos or Word.62a

Five centuries before the Christian era, esteemed Greek poet Aeschylus wrote Prometheus Bound, which, according to Taylor, was presented in the theater in Athens. Taylor claims that in the play Prometheus is crucified "on a fatal tree" and the sky goes dark:

"The darkness which closed the scene on the suffering Prometheus, was easily exhibited on the stage, by putting out the lamps; but when the tragedy was to become history, and the fiction to be turned into fact, the lamp of day could not be so easily disposed of. Nor can it be denied that the miraculous darkness which the Evangelists so solemnly declare to have attended the crucifixion of Christ, labours under precisely the same fatality of an absolute and total want of evidence."63

Tradition holds that Prometheus was crucified on a rock, yet some sources have opined that legend also held he was crucified on a tree and that Christians muddled the story and/or mutilated the text, as they did with the works of so many ancient authors. In any case, the sun hiding in darkness parallels the Christian fable of the darkness descending when Jesus was crucified. This remarkable occurrence is not recorded in history but is only explainable within the Mythos and as part of a recurring play.

Page 4 of 6    <<Previous |  1 | 2 | 3 | 4| 5 | 6 | Next: The Creation of a Myth >>



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"I find myself in full agreement with Acharya S/D.M. Murdock... I find it undeniable that...many, many of the epic heroes and ancient patriarchs and matriarchs of the Old Testament were personified stars, planets and constellations..." —Dr. Robert M. Price, The Pre-Nicene New Testament

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